Launched in 2000, the United Nations Global Compact (UNGC) is a call to companies to align strategies and operations with universal principles on human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption, and take actions that advance societal goals.
Today, many hundreds of companies and non-profit organisations from all regions of the world, are engaged in the UN Global Compact, working to advance Ten Universal Principles in the areas of human rights, labour, the environment and anti-corruption.
The Global Compact's 10 principles enjoy universal consensus and are derived from:
- The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
- The International Labour Organization's Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work
- The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
- The United Nations Convention Against Corruption
1. Businesses should support and respect the protection of internationally
proclaimed human rights; and
2. Make sure that they are not complicit in human rights abuses.
3. Businesses should uphold the freedom of association and the effective
recognition of the right to collective bargaining;
4. The elimination of all forms of forced and compulsory labour;
5. The effective abolition of child labour; and
6. The elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.
7. Businesses should support a precautionary approach to environmental
8. Undertake initiatives to promote greater environmental responsibility; and
9. Encourage the development and diffusion of environmentally friendly
10. Businesses should work against all forms of corruption, including extortion and
Once a signatory to the UN Global Compact, organisations are expected to:
- set in motion changes to their operations to implement the 10 principles
- publicly advocate the Global Compact and its principles via communications vehicles such as press releases, speeches, etc.; and
- business participants must publish an annual Communication on Progress (COP) that describes the ways in which the business supports the Global Compact and its 10 principles
- non business participants must publish an annual Communication on Engagement (COE) that describes the ways in which the organisation supports the Global Compact and its 10 principles